England is in western Europe and comprises two thirds of the island of Great Britain which also includes Wales and Scotland. It is also part of the United Kingdom (UK) which includes Northern Ireland.
It has a coastline to the east and south and is bordered in the north and west by Scotland and Wales respectively.
There are also around 1,000 islands that are part of England - the largest of which is the Isle of Wight.
England has a population of around 53 million (December 2017). England's population makes up around 85% of the total population of the UK.
Around 9 million of the people in England live in London.
It probably won't surprise you to hear that the main language spoken in England is English!
England is at GMT during the winter but observes daylight saving in the summer to make the most of the sunlight.
During the summer England moves an hour ahead of GMT which is known as 'British Summer Time'
The clocks change forward 1 hour on the last Sunday in March and 'fall back' in autumn (or fall) by 1 hour on the last Sunday in October.
THE FLAG (St George's Cross)
The legend of George slaying the dragon dates back to the 12th century. Saint George became England's patron saint during the 13th century. The Red Cross first appeared in the crusades and is one of the earliest known emblems used to represent England. The earliest record of St George's flag being used at sea as an English flag was in 1545.
Many people are unaware that the Cross of St George is the flag of England, and not the more familiar Union Jack. The Union Jack is the flag of the entire United Kingdom, including Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. The cross of St. George, however, is incorporated into the Union Jack.