Scotland is in western Europe and is part of the island of Great Britain which also includes Wales and England. It is also part of the United Kingdom (UK) which includes Northern Ireland.
It shares a border with England to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by water.
It is the most northerly part of the UK. Heading west from most of the coastline will see you next hit land at Newfoundland in Canada, and the remote Shetland Islands will see you level with Scandinavian towns such as Bergen. Cold!!!
The population of the Scotland is around 5.25 million (April 2018), which means there are 2 million less people living here that in London.
The main language of Scotland is English.
However, Scots speak several languages and dialects.
A large proportion of the population speak 'Scots' which has many dialects such as Lallans or Doric. In the latest census this was around 30% of the population. There is some debate about whether this truly is a separate language to English.
Around 1% of the population speak Gaelic, generally in the Western Highlands and IslandsFind out more information about Scottish dialects here.
Scotland is at GMT during the winter but observes daylight saving in the summer to make the most of the sunlight.
During the summer Scotland moves an hour ahead of GMT which is known as 'British Summer Time'
The clocks change forward 1 hour on the last Sunday in March and 'fall back' in autumn (or fall) by 1 hour on the last Sunday in October.
Be aware, that due to its distance from the equator, the hours of daylight drop sharply in the Scottish winter. In the extreme north, the Shetland Isles drops to 6 hours of daylight, whilst further south in Edinburgh, they will see around 7 hours of daylight.
The flag of Scotland is a white cross on a blue background. The cross represents the cross of the patron saint of Scotland, Saint Andrew, and the background represents the blue sky it sits against.
The flag is called the 'Saint Andrew's Cross' or 'The Saltire'