Thailand is located in Southeast Asia, and is the 50th largest country by area in the world.
It has borders with Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Malaysia.
The population of the Thailand is around 86 million (April 2018) with around 30 million tourists visiting every year.
Thai, or more specifically, Siamese Thai, is the only official language of Thailand. It is spoken by over eighty percent of the country. Thai is closely related to Lao, the official language of Laos; Shan, which is spoken in Burma; and a number of less significant languages associated with southern China and northern Vietnam.
Thai is used in all official capacities in Thailand, including education, government and the media.
Around a quarter of the population speak English, and this is much higher in the main tourist areas and big cities.
The range of English speaking varies massively though, with at least half of the English speakers using it only in 'emergencies'.
Thailand is GMT +7.
The flag of Thailand is made up of 5 colours, mirrored from the centre. It was adopted on 28 December 1917.
Thailand’s flag stands for nation-religion-king, an unofficial motto that Thai people live by. The red stripes represent Thailand’s blood spilt in its bid to maintain independence; the white stands for purity and Buddhism (the country’sprimary religion), and blue symbolises the Thai monarchy. The blue stripe also has a double meaning as it stands in solidarity and honours Thailand’s World War I allies, namely Great Britain, France, the United States and Russia, which all have red, white and blue flags
The flag of Thailand was also designed so it cannot be flown upside down.
The story goes that in 1917, then King of Siam, King Vajiravudh saw the flag being flown upside down during a flood. To ensure that such a thing could never happen again, the King designed a symmetrical flag that would be right side up no matter how it was flown. The previous flag for the Kingdom of Siam was of an elephant with the royal crest on it.